What is the National Broadband Network?

The purpose of this network is to try to connect 90 per cent of Australian homes, businesses and facilities with the fastest broadband services of up to 100 megabits per second (MBS). The other 10 per cent of Australians hasn’t been forgotten either, as these people will still have access to broadband services of 12 MBS through wireless capabilities.

The general goal of the national broadband network is to provide Australians with an easy and affordable type of broadband service that exceeds customer expectation. This project was approved and is supported by the Australian Government, committed to this project who are willing to spend an incredible $43 billion to make this new initiative work. Also included in the NBN plan is the objective to attract private investors, eliminate “black spots” in the region and improve the telecommunication services in the country.

These are not the only plans that the government has for this intricate network broadband system, which is also hoping that the project will be the basis for their digital economy, a new service that will include using the broadband system for improving knowledge in the country through education, smart grids and health.

You may now understand what the national broadband network is, but what is a fibre-to-home network? This fibre optic network runs along specialised lines which are microscopic in size that can carry massive amounts of information through the rate in which light travels through glass. These signals can instantly send and receive information in a matter of seconds.

The government is hoping to increase this speed through illuminating different colours of light which can travel faster. If this thin line of glass was unprotected, it would be destroyed, which is why these strands of glass are rolled into a plastic casing which keeps the fibre optics protected. The plastic can be bent, which helps it to sustain its flexibility and strength.

The idea of using fibre optic cables is not new since these are the same lines that are used to connect countries on a global scale and in Australia have been used to connect cities and towns. You might say, if we already use this technology, then what is the difference?

Currently, the types of fibre optics that are being used are through copper and ADSL technology. Information is passed through the copper and in return mixes both the voices and data and then will eventually separate them when they arrive at their final destination at one’s modem.

The use of the new National Broadband Network should revolutionise the way internet is used in Australian society and improve how information is received all over the country.